I have been thinking about Sara Jeanette Duncan lately. I should be thinking about her work, but I’ve been thinking about her. OK, when I cough (a lingering cold), I think about her. Because here’s the thing. I have it easy compared to her life in London. If I sometimes find it tough to keep up with the dog on the walk to Kensington Gardens, how did Duncan find it, walking from Paulton’s Square? For a while she lived quite close to Kensington Gardens, but in her last years in London she lived closer to the river. How did she get from the square down there to the park up here? Did she bother or did she rather sit in her little square? What I love about Kensington Gardens is the wind, the feeling that you are breathing fresh air despite the traffic bordering the park top and bottom.
Here’s a picture of what’s been going on next door and why I was seeking fresher air. Was Duncan able to seek this freshening feeling, did she take a bus, did she walk, was she able to walk that far with her tuberculosis or mystery respiratory ailment imported from India? I suppose I should buy a biography of her life, but I rather enjoy walking around London wondering if she coughed here or panted there. Is that weird? The walk from the King’s Road to Kensington Gardens would be about 45 minutes today, on clean sidewalks beside automobile traffic. Transport for London confirms it is a 41 minute walk.
In Duncan’s day, she would have walked through air thick with smoke from people’s coal fires, on dirty streets in damp leather shoes with frayed laces. Who knows how long it took to walk that distance? Walking beside other people with TB, coughing. Then again, if you could read while walking, as in this photo from a decade earlier….
I haven’t found a quick statistic on how many Londoners had TB back then, but I did find this:
In 1911 the National Insurance Act encouraged a state-led campaign against tuberculosis, allowing sufferers who had insurance to be treated in sanatoria. … The Metropolitan Asylums Board was finally empowered to care for uninsured tuberculosis patients in 1913 under the Public Health (Prevention and Treatment of Diseases) Act. … The London Open Air Sanatorium was opened in 1901 by the National Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis. When the Metropolitan Asylums Board bought the institution in 1919, they renamed it Pinewood Sanatorium, providing 160 beds for adult patients. The hospital was situated in 82 acres of pine forest near Wokingham in Berkshire. Pine trees were believed to be beneficial for sufferers of tuberculosis and three exercise tracks were marked out through the woods. –City of London Archivist Katharine Short, “Pinewood Sanatorium”
According to Katharine Short, Canadian soldiers were treated at Pinewood during the Second World War. The hospital was closed in 1966, when it was used for, among other things, television studios. (Not, apparently, Pinewood Studios, which has been operating from Heatherden Hall in Buckinghamshire since 1934).
So the question is: was Mrs Everard Cotes insured? But wait — she was cured of her TB in Simla, India. Here she is in her mild plaint at being forced to sit all day in her Simla garden:
“And Tiglath-Pileser has come, and has quoted certain documents, and has used gentle propulsive force, and behold, because I am a person whose contumacy cannot endure, the door is shut and I am on the outside, disconsolate. … I am only banished to the garden. … My eye, which is a captious organ, is to find its entertainment all day long in bushes – and grass. All day long. … From morning until night I am to sit for several months and breathe, with the grass and the bushes, the beautiful pure fresh air. … In vain I have represented that microbes will agree with them no better than with me; it seems the common or house microbe is one of the things that I particularly must not have.” –The Crow’s Nest
Ah, but that garden cure would surely mean that some years later she would be drawn to Kensington Gardens?
The title of this post is the subtitle of a book I still haven’t got around to reading. It is supposed to be about writers with tuberculosis or asthma and how disease affects writing: Le souffle coupé : respirer et écrire by François-Bernard Michel (1984). Here is a nice little summary.
Today’s challenge: name another writer (Canadian or non) afflicted by breathing problems?
- Pinewood expands with new studio (bbc.co.uk)
- Soldiers at Pinewood (ncf.ca)
- Early TB treatment in Canada (TB history at lung.ca)
- Sarah Boseley on TB today (Guardian 30 June 2011)
- Sara Jeanette Duncan (Canadianwritersabroad.com)
Thanks for the little bit of history, Debra. I will go for my walk along the Grand River in Kitchener today thinking of all of the natives and pioneers that would have walked there before me. I’m amazed by the age of some trees and ROCKS! Hope that you have nicer places to look at around your home!
On the note of other authors with TB: the fabulous Finnish poet Edith Södergran died of TB in the early 1900s. Her life is one of tragedy and war, having lived in Karelia, the Eastern part of Finland that is now in Russia. Her poetry is exquisite, but make sure you read the translations by Stina Katchadourian (published as Love & Solitude… 2 different editions, years apart: the second is most comprehensive).
Thank you for this, Debra! I was just in Brantford, wandering the streets, wondering the same thing: “I know SJD walked this street, as this is her house… what was she thinking? How great it would be to get away from Brantford? How beautiful West Street is in the autumn sunshine? How gloriously the sun plays on the maple leaves?” I want to be Dr. Who and travel back to meet her… but we can only imagine.
Vis-à-vis a biography: Marian Fowler has one: Redney, A Life of Sara Jeannette Duncan, with a lot of detail, most of which is correct, but if you want to read the definite text on Duncan, read Misao Dean’s A Different Point of View–critical biography, and extremely good. Misao is a careful, brilliant academic, and a good writer: the book is engaging and informative. Just my opinion of course…
Funny you should be looking at tuberculosis in this posting; I’ve been obsessed with it for the past two weeks as I write reports from Swaziland, which has the world’s highest rate of TB. But I digress… You asked about authors who had breathing problems. It seems “consumption” afflicted many; perhaps due, in part, to unhealthy (i.e., poor) living conditions. Anton Chekhov was among them. Mr. Wiki provides a list: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tuberculosis_cases
The wiki list is great: who knew all those people had TB? It is of course endemic in many places in the world, and was far more back when Duncan was alive. And the bacteria, once in the body, hangs around for ages. My husband, for example, tested positive for years after living in a family in Sri Lanka where the father (the village doctor) had TB.
This Wiki list covers the ones I had in mind, such as Mansfield and Keats. It would seem, however, that no Canadian writers or artists were troubled by TB. I’ve been casting about in search, and remembered reading years ago about Betty Lambert suffering from respiratory problems. I thought it was asthma but there is no mention of this in her bio, however; rather it says on her site that she died of lung and brain cancer. Can anyone think of any others?
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