Adam Gopnik (CBC)

Adam Gopnik (CBC)

How could I choose an American for CWA’s solstice post? Adam Gopnik lived in Montréal and did his BA at McGill University, then left for New York. Known for his essays in The New Yorker, he might be better known in Canada for his 2011 Massey Lectures, which made him the expert on winter. I hear you shovel-wielding salt-slush-bespattered Canadians laughing at the idea that some New Yorker who also lived in Paris could be an expert on winter. But really.
Named after Vincent Massey (yes, the Governor General of the Massey Commission), the Massey Lectures have been aired by the CBC since 1961. Winter:Five Windows on the Season (Anansi 2011) is the print edition of Gopnik’s Massey talks. The prose lacks Gopnik’s usual bite, perhaps because these are talks rather than essays. He begins with himself, a boy at a window looking at a snowstorm in 1968, and he develops this image over five chapters: that the boy is inside makes winter less threatening, that we can escape the cold allows us to romanticize it, or to mythologize the North and its adventurers. His treatment of Christmas is itself a marvel, throwing light not only on the relationship between pagan and Christian festivals but also on Christmas today (“a winter holiday meant for kids.”)


Wayne Gretzky (

He takes on skating and hockey, “the greatest of all games,” in “Recreational Winter,” pointing out that winter brought speed to people’s lives. At the end, he speculates how losing winter to global warming will affect our memory, our culture, in “Remembering Winter.” The following selections serve as proof that Gopnik is now the winter expert. Or you could choose one and discuss.Gopnik Winter 001

  1. From the beginning, “Romantic Winter”: “When I think back to my youth in Montreal, I still think first of winter. I think about cold, of course. I recall moments of walking in cold so bitter that your ears seemed to have turned into ice. … But above all, my memories are of serenity. My memories are of a rare feeling of perfect equanimity – standing on top of Mount Royal in the middle of Montreal on cross-country skis at five o’clock on a February evening, and feeling a kind of peace, an attachment to the world, an understanding of the world, that I had never known before.”
  2. From “Recuperative Winter” or a history of Christmas: “We act out in winter cities. When we’re cold, we stamp our feet, we shiver – we show that we’re cold. In temperate weather we behave temperately, but in cold weather we aren’t just cold, we’re theatrical.”
  3. “…the symbolism of the modern, ambivalent, anxiety-ridden, double-faced Christmas is winter symbolism. We need the warmth in order to enter the cold, and at Christmas we need the cold in order to reassert the warmth, need the imagery of the bleak midwinter in order to invoke the star above the stable. … It is necessary to assert snow in order to evoke sunshine…”

In “Radical Winter” Gopnik quotes Glenn Gould’s The Idea of North, and calls Mordecai Richler’s novel Solomon Gursky Was Here “as close to a Great Canadian Novel as we have.”  In “Recreational Winter,” he confesses he keeps a Canadian five-dollar bill in his wallet that “shows boys playing improvised hockey, skating on a frozen pond.” He also introduces his book with an excerpt from Northrop Frye’s Creation and Recreation. Wait a sec. Did I miss something about Gopnik’s nationality? Then again, the word “zamboni” does not appear in the index.

melting ice

Polynya (Parks Canada)

Posted by Debra Martens

author, editor


  1. Scott Proudfoot December 22, 2013 at 20:49

    The hockey players on the $5 bill are all left-handed?


    1. Scott, you get 35 points. The players are all shooting rights:that would be a rarity on a pond in Canada. It be uncommon also in the USA, but the chances are better there. The reason you don’t get full marks is that not all lefties shoot right, there is only a minor correlation. Here is an article by an American newspaper that sheds some light on it:


  2. There’s also the poet Naomi Guttman whose book of poetry Reasons for Winter was published several years ago, a dreamy
    sad-happy bunch of lovely poems. She lives in Clinton, New York now.


    1. Fantastic. Thanks for that reminder, Dory.


  3. I also love the Canadian five dollar bill that Adam Gopnik admits to keeping in his wallet. Unfortunately that beautiful note, showing children playing shinny on an outdoor Canadian pond, has recently been retired. While it is a beautiful depiction of what I remember doing as a kid, the artist gets one thing wrong. Fifty points to the first person to guess what it is. (hint: the odds are higher that you’d see it on an American pond than on a Canadian one). By the way, does someone know who the artist is?


    1. I don’t know so I hope someone guesses.


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